Leadership paradigms inform decisions. As a result, leadership decisions inform policy. Therefore, it is reasonable to investigate whether the quality of decision-making by African leaders is sufficiently sophisticated, given the complexity of challenges facing the continent. One of the key dimensions of high quality decision-making is the extent to which such decisions are futures-based. This may seem self-evident, but the pervasiveness of reductionist (characterised by segmentation and sub-optimisation), positivistic (lacking vision beyond what is immediately apparent), past-based and short-term decision-making is evident from current challenges, once considered to be viable solutions. Part of the explanation for such flawed decision-making may …   Read More